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The Brandenburg Gate is now synonymous with Berlin. In the movies, this is not necessarily the place to indicate that the incident took place here, and when Berlin is mentioned in newspaper or magazine news, his photograph is put.
The gate, which was actually at the entrance of the city when it was built in 1791, is now in a very central position. To reach the Brandenburg Gate, you have to get off at the bus with the same name. A monument that everyone is trying to benefit politically, although they were established in Munich, the Nazis used this monument as a symbol in East Germany (Prussian King Friedrich Wilhelm II), although they were against the royal. Even Napoleon, in his time, celebrated his victory against the Prussian army right here, putting his success in the eyes of the public and dismantled the statue on the hill and took it to Paris. Later the statue was taken back.
On the Doric style twelve columns, there is a carriage drawn by four horses, called a quadriga, and a bronze statue of Victoria, the goddess of victory. It was built on the basis of Ancient Greek architecture, as it was so popular in Europe of the period, but when considered historically, it is not possible to find any connection between Berlin and Ancient Greece. Of course, this situation does not prevent them from exhibiting the works they have made from Bergama and Ancient Egypt in their museums. If only they would focus on the Ancient Germanic culture instead, we wouldn't encounter the architecture that we can see in Athens and Corinth in every city in Europe.
Berlin Wall and Checkpoint Charlie
Remains of the Berlin Wall, which can be considered one of the most important monuments in terms of political history of the twentieth century, can be visited free of charge as an Open Air Museum. You can reach it from the Ostbahnhof or Warschauerstrasse stops.
Checkpoint Charlie, where pass controls were carried out in the past, is a spot frequented by tourists in the city without delay. You can also easily reach and visit with the Kochstrasse stop. You will have to pay 12.50 Euros, I am not sure if it is worth it, decide according to how much interest you are in the subject.
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Museumsinsel (Museum Island)
This place, which is called "Museum Island" because it was founded on an island located in the Spree River, really deserves its name. There are five magnificent museums on this island and it is now included in the world heritage list by UNESCO. Unfortunately, you have to pay 18 Euros to enter. With the Berlin Welcome Card + Museum Island Pass, which can be bought for 45 Euros, you can use public transportation for free for three days and visit the Museum Island free of charge, but I am not sure if it is worth it. The Museum Pass Berlin, which allows you to visit thirty museums, including Museum Island, for free for a three-day period for 29 Euros, might make more sense. You make your account according to your public transport use plans. I will talk about the transportation section in detail in my Berlin Travel Guide.
Museum Island is closed on Mondays, and open on other days between ten in the morning and six in the evening. On Thursdays, you can extend your visit until eight in the evening. The museum buildings themselves are works of art in themselves. Access is easy, you get off at the Alexanderplatz or Friedrichstrasse stops and walk for ten minutes while watching the streets of Berlin.
1. PergamonmuseumThe first of the museums is the Pergamonmuseum. The last museum to be added in the centenary of the island in 1930. Its content was taken from the Bergama excavation within the borders of Çanakkale,Turkey and rebuilt here. Besides the Bergama Altar, the Istar Gate and the Roman style marketplace gate brought from Milet are among the most popular works. There is also a permanent exhibition on Islamic Art. Visited by nearly a million tourists every year, it is Germany's most visited museum.
2. Altes MuseumThe first museum on the island is the Old Museum (Altes Museum), as you can understand from its name. It was founded on this island in 1830 by King Friedrich Wilhelm II (you know, who built the Brandenburg Gate). Especially the works of Etruscan culture are remarkable in the museum, which is dedicated to the ancient European art. Since the Etruscan people in Italy, located in the north of Rome, were assimilated by the Ancient Romans over time, their culture, especially their languages, has survived to the present day in very small amounts. In addition, there are many busts in the museum, especially Caesar and Cleopatra.
3. Neues MuseumThirty years later, the New Museum (Neues Museum) was added. The most famous of the works in this museum, which focuses on ancient Egyptian ruins, is undoubtedly the bust of Nefertiti. The papyrus collection is also interesting. A museum that will especially impress Egyptian enthusiasts.
4. Alte NationalgalerieThey were followed by the Old National Gallery (Alte Nationalgalerie), which was added in 1876. Contrary to its name, the works it contains are relatively new: fine examples of painting and sculpture from the nineteenth century are on display. The statue of Princesses Luise and Friederike by German sculptor Gottfried Schadow is the most popular work. Paintings by famous painters such as Monet, Renoir, Manet and Liebermann are also waiting for your visit.
5. Bode-MuseumThis museum, which is in our fifth row, was opened as the Kaiser Friedrich Museum in 1904, but is now called the Bode-Museum. The river view is impressive in itself as it is located in the far north of the island. Inside, there are striking examples of sculptural art from the medieval period to the last century. There is also a section devoted to Byzantine artifacts.
In fact, although the Nazis intended to rebuild it and make it a giant complex, their plans fell through when they were defeated in the war. The museum island in the East Berlin part was protected by the Federal Republic of East Germany and has come to this day. Finally, you can visit one of Berlin's oldest churches at Nikolaikirche, located on the opposite shore on the east side.
This museum, located in Potsdamerplatz, is a place that should not be missed by those interested in painting. I think it is enough to say that the works of master names such as Rembrandt, Dürer, Caravaggio, Tizian, Raffael and Rubens are exhibited. You can add it to your park excursion on a nice day as it is close to the Tier Garten park.
There are over two thousand paintings inside. Closed on Mondays, other days open from ten am to 6 pm. On Thursdays, it can be visited until eight in the evening. It is reached by the Kulturforum stop.
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Berlin Cathedral is one of the most important touristic spots in the city. As in most cathedrals, it is possible to climb to the top and watch the city. The tombs of Prussian kings are also located here.
The entrance is 7 Euros, and can be visited from 9 am to 8 pm every day, but it can be entered at noon at the earliest, since there is a ritual on Sundays and Protestant holy days.
MarienkircheOne of the oldest buildings still standing in Berlin, this church has Gothic architecture. Transportation is very easy as Berlin Alexanderplatz Bahnhof is located right next to it, which is a very large stop. The TV tower I mentioned below is also located here, you can visit them all together.
It would also be good to visit the Neptune statue (Neptunbrunnen), which is a few steps away. Just follow the tourist convoys and they all go there or come from there. The age of this bronze statue in a fountain is around one hundred and thirty.
FernsehtrumIt is one of the most important monuments of Berlin. It will be especially familiar to those who watch the Counterpart series. It is truly a tower with a height of 368 meters. It is possible to watch Berlin from a height of 203 meters and to feed yourself in front of the view in the rotating 207 meters high restaurant.
It was built in 1969 by the East German Federal Republic. Open every day from nine in the morning until midnight. There can be long queues for both the watch tower and the restaurant.
Berlin is also a city with famous museums such as London Museums. Especially for those who are curious about German culture, an important point is Deutsches Historisches Museum. The artifacts of the region are on display from prehistoric times to the present, allowing you to both understand the culture and see the development over time.
The German Historical Museum
The entrance fee is 8 Euros. Open every day between ten in the morning and six in the evening. For transportation, you can get off at the Friedrichstrasse stop and walk a little.
Kaiser Wilhelm GedächtniskircheThis memorial church for King Wilhelm is located on Breitscheidplatz. It was badly damaged by bombings during the Second World War. There is a part that was rebuilt in 1961 with an interesting architecture with an octagon base. The main memorial church was completed in 1895. Very close to the Europa-Center stop.
It is a cathedral with a bronze dome and a classical Ancient Greek entrance. It was built on the model of the Pantheon. Opposite Museum Island, on the west bank. Close to the Werderscher Markt stop. It can be visited since it is a two hundred and forty year old building.
St. Hedwig Cathedral
The Bundestag, the German parliament, is a place you can see at that time as it is very close to the Brandenburg Gate. It is especially famous because it burned down during the Nazi rule and was captured by the Soviet Army at the end of the war. By making a reservation in advance, you can go inside and watch Berlin in a panoramic view from its terrace. I think it will be enough to take pictures from the outside.
SiegessauleIt consists of a column and a shimmering golden statue on the Tiergarten, a very large park. The statue belongs to Else, the goddess of victory. It was built at the end of the nineteenth century to celebrate Prussia's military achievements, but the Nazi administration brought it here and fueled the interest in sculpture.
You can see many families having a barbecue in the Tiergarten. There is also a three-century-old castle (Schloss Friedrichsfelde) in the park. You can reach it by getting off at the stop called Tierpark.