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I think the feature that makes Rome attractive for everyone is that it has an appeal that appeals to all tastes. There are magnificent fountains that romantic couples will wish for, architectural works that will attract enthusiasts, and Italian cuisine for those who are fond of their throats.
Most touristic places are in the same area, namely in the old city; therefore it is possible to walk around.
ForumAlmost everywhere in the world, the ruins of ancient cities are separate from current settlements. Places such as Ephesus, Aspendos, Perge and Aphrodisias are far from the city centers.
In Rome, the ruins are still in the center of the settlement. According to mythology, the ruins between the Palatine hill, where Romulus, the founder of the city, founded the first house, and the Capitoline hill in the first temple of Jupiter, have been well preserved in Rome many times throughout history. Numerous buildings await with informative signs.
There is a fee to enter, but the ticket you buy includes the Colosseum and Palatine hill tours, costs 12 Euros and can be used for 2 consecutive days.
It is open from 9:00 to 18:00, and closes at 13:00 on Sundays.
I recommend you to visit the Colosseum very long before your ticket queue and get your ticket, and head to the Colosseum or Palatine hill early the next day. It's also available for purchase online, so you can read it and enter it quickly.
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Palatine Hill and ColosseumAlthough Palatine Hill is considered the starting point of Rome, it is less preserved compared to the nearby Forum and Colosseum. Nevertheless, I recommend you to stop by before entering the Colosseum, there is already a transition from the inside to the Colosseum and the queue is less. Here you can see villas from ancient senators.
You must have heard of the famous Colosseum, keep in mind that the whole world has! The Colosseum, which is crowded every hour of the day, is worth putting up with all this trouble. Although completed in 80 AD, this building, whose majesty rivals today's stadiums, is still as crowded and lively as the days of gladiator fights. It is open every day between 9:00 and 19:00 during the summer season, and closes earlier in other months.
Don't forget to see the Arch of Constantine just nearby. This arch, erected by Emperor Constantine, who founded Istanbul, to commemorate his defeat of Maxentius, who was his rival for the throne, is a complete art monument with the embroidery on it. Moreover, it is free to see him unlike his neighbors!
PantheonIn fact, the Romans are known for their emphasis on building buildings outside the arenas, especially temples, with angularity, but the Pantheon is a unique structure with its complex architecture. The building itself is circular, with a rectangular entrance with a triangular roof, which is customarily made up of columns. Moreover, there is a huge hole at the top!
Before entering, it is useful to know that this building is still used as a church; You are asked to act with some care.
In fact, the dome of the building, which was built for all Roman gods (Pan: all, theo: gods), is particularly impressive. This structure, which was the widest dome in the world until the construction of Hagia Sophia, still preserves the feature of being the third largest dome, and it is a magnificent situation considering its age (You can also check my article on Hagia Sophia and the Historical Peninsula from Link!). It is difficult to understand how they could build such a large dome 1900 years ago. It is very enjoyable to watch the sky through the hole in the middle! Human "Am I inside or outside now?" he can't help thinking.
It is open every day from 8:00 to 19:00 and on Sundays from 9:00 to 18:00.
In the old part of the city, every street is a “piazza” and sculptures and fountains await you in every square. Nevertheless, let me state that the two most famous piazzas are Campo de Fiori and Navona, especially the Four Rivers Fountain in Navona is a Bernini work and an obelisk from Egypt in the middle. The fountain symbolizes the four great rivers and the four continents known at that time (Africa-Nile, America-Rio de la Plata, Asia-Ganges, Europe-Danube).
Trevi FountainThis fountain, which is indispensable for every movie that takes place in Rome, is actually located in a not very large area surrounded by buildings.
Its name means "Fountain Where Three Roads Join." Therefore, it is a bit congested and its surroundings are full of tourists day and night, but this does not diminish its splendor.
You will see that almost everyone is throwing money into the fountain and making a wish. Actually, the starting point of this tradition is not that the wish of the person who gives the money will come true, but that only one day will return to Rome. Even throwing a coin suggests that you will return to Rome, throwing two coins will fall in love with a person you will meet in Rome, and throwing three coins will suggest that you will marry this person in Rome and settle in Rome. And all this happens if you put your back on the fountain and throw it over your left shoulder with your right hand, so be careful not to hit someone else's head.
Fortunately, this tradition serves a good purpose: The money thrown into the fountain is collected and donated to charities.
The fountain, which is 250 years old, consists of a semi-columned wall adorned with sculptures and an elliptical pool in front of it, unlike its circular counterparts. In the center of this impressive wall is a majestic statue of the sea god Neptune.
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St. Peter's Basilica (Vatican)Actually the Vatican is not part of the city of Rome; a country in its own right. Of course, this does not prevent tourists visiting Rome from seeing this place.
As you pass from Rome to the Vatican, you cross the Tiber River by walking over bridges decorated with sculptures and embroidery.
Beforehand, you can eat at various restaurants on the Roman side of the river, but keep in mind that the prices will be "touristy".
While Italians prefer to eat pizza as Margarita, that is to say plain (tomato sauce and mozzarella, maybe a little basil) as possible, you can eat "al dente", the pasta they consume a little hard, with a variety of ingredients - don't say "this pasta is undercooked" and send it back!
When you cross the Tiber River, if you find the opportunity from the crowd, you can take a photo on the bridge and reach the Vatican.
The square in front of the Basilica of St. Peter's is quite large but looks flatter than it is due to the crowd. The surrounding columns are also specially designed to appear to embrace the crowd. Entry to the Basilica is free, but you will wait a little queue due to security checks.
The most striking work inside is the La Pieta sculpture by Michelangelo, which is on the right at the entrance, depicting the Virgin Mary.
The basilica is quite large, can accommodate twenty thousand people. Going to the huge dome and looking at the view of Rome is paid.
The Basilica can be visited between 07:00 and 19:00, and the dome between 08:00 and 18:00.
Also under it is St. Peter's tomb.
One important note is that off-the-shoulder dresses and mini-skirts are prohibited during the visit to both St. Peter and the Sistine Chapel.
Sistine Chapel and Vatican MuseumTo see the famous, very famous Sistine Chapel, you have to visit the Vatican Museum.
The ticket is 16 Euros, open every day between 9:00 and 18:00 except Sunday.
Like San Pietro, this place is very crowded (about 25 thousand people visit the chapel every day). Prepare yourself for waiting in line, scuffling, and the constant noise despite being "prohibited".
You have to visit the museum with the community, always moving in the same direction, you cannot walk around according to your head. At least this way, you can see other artifacts before arriving at the Sistine Chapel.
Spanish StepsThese stairs in Piazza di Spagna, in other words Spanish Square, are among the famous touristic places of Rome. Even the Pope visits once a year!
Consisting of 135 steps, the stairs are remembered as they were built to connect the Spanish Embassy and the Vatican.
There is also a Bernini fountain in the square, but don't be mistaken, Bernini, who built this fountain, is the father of the architect of the Trevi Fountain.
There is also an obelisk dedicated to the Virgin Mary in the square. The villa of the Borgia family, which has been the subject of a 3-season series and, more importantly, Niccolo Macchiavelli's very famous book The Prince, also serves as a museum in this neighborhood.
Sitting on the stairs has been banned since 2019. So unfortunately, it is not possible to sit on these beautiful stairs and chat with your friends. But espresso cafes around the Spanish Steps are always waiting for you!
The museum, which charges 12.50 Euros, is closed on Mondays; other days are open from 9:00 to 19:00.